27 August, 2004
"Outreach process or racial profiling?" by Ben Duncan in Washington DC. Thursday 26 August 2004 6:59 AM GMT
During the past seven weeks, many Arab and Muslim Americans across the country say they have felt the sting of the Bush administration's most recent homeland security crackdown.
On 9 July, the FBI began interviewing members of the two communities as part of the government's latest attempt to thwart terrorist attacks on US soil.
While the FBI and the Department of Justice described the move as an ongoing effort to "establish contacts with community organisations and leaders in their territories", many of those Arab/Muslim representatives say their communities are taking a different message.
Engy Abdelkader, the civil-rights director for the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR), said her organisation has received numerous complaints about "coercive or intimidating tactics used by FBI agents".
In a press release announcing the new round of interviews, Attorney General John Ashcroft said federal law-enforcement agencies had "credible reporting" that al-Qaida was planning a large-scale attack in an effort "to disrupt our democratic process".
"While we currently lack precise knowledge about when, where and how they are planning to attack, we are actively working to gain that knowledge," Ashcroft said.
"As part of that effort, we are again reaching out to our partners in the Muslim and Arab American communities for any information they may have."
For many in the Arab/Muslim community, that outreach effort has triggered painful memories of the post-11 September 2001 security dragnet that landed hundreds of Arab and Muslim suspects in police detention, most of whom were later exonerated of any terrorist-related activities.
Such tactics have exacerbated a lingering mistrust of federal law-enforcement groups among many Arab and Muslim Americans, who feel they have been unfairly targeted based on religious beliefs and ethnicity, Abdelkader said.
"Really, the only thing that [the FBI and the Department of Justice] are doing is alienating community members," she said.
The new interviews provoked heavy scrutiny from the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), which has offered to provide free legal representation to those contacted by the FBI for information.
"This dragnet technique used by the FBI is simply racial profiling and violates our most cherished fundamental freedoms," Dalia Hashad, the ACLU's Arab, Muslim and South Asian Advocate, said in a recent press release.
"Casting blanket suspicion on an entire religious and ethnic community is not a productive means of protecting national security or civil liberties."
While FBI officials have declined to provide any specifics of their investi